The harvest is approaching, don’t be caught unprepared!
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The harvest is the agricultural activity which consists in the collection of grapes which will then be used in the production of wine.
The grapes, grown in the vineyard throughout the year, are harvested and brought to the cellar to begin the winemaking process, which with the alcoholic fermentation of the sugars contained in the ripe berries will transform the must into wine.
But how is the harvest done?
Simply, with the help of garden shears or curved pointed knives, the bunches of grapes are cut.
The grapes should be gently picked and placed in wicker baskets (or in trolleys) so as not to spoil or dent the grains.
Ok, now that we know how to do the harvest, the real question is: is there a right time to do it?
The answer is yes, the harvest must respect certain times according to the wine we want to produce.
First of all, the harvest should be started early in the morning, otherwise the heat could start fermentation too early.
Then, it is essential to know that the timing of the harvest generally coincides with the end of summer and the beginning of autumn, a period that changes depending on the geographical area in which the vineyard is located.
So, the periods for the harvests are basically three: August-September is the first, September-October the second; October-November the third and is aimed at late ripening wines.
After the harvest, the grapes are usually subjected to crushing, which is done with particular oenological machines: the crushers and the destemmers.
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